Tropical Monsoon Climate Suitable Building Materials

Architecture is one of the most ancient and widely practiced professions in the world. What is inherent in all of these is the requirement for habitable spaces that can sustain their civilization and their socioeconomic activities.

Typically, human shelters were simply the most convenient solution to the problem of intolerance to the harsh environment, to enable it to be lived in. 

The use of available technology and materials as well as the understanding of the climate, guided the design –  even of primitive humans. However, since the advancement of technology, we have been able to create a more efficient and luxurious habitat while maintaining the basic design i.e. to protect ourselves from the weather. 

Here are some key things to consider when designing in the harsh Tropical Monsoon Climate.


In this situation the building is not able to cool itself sufficiently at night so that heat can be stored during the day. In a climate like this, thermal principles cannot be relied upon. Therefore, lightweight materials that have low thermal capacity should be used. 

Site Location

The most adaptable creature on the planet is humans. However, research shows that constant changes in the temperature of our surroundings causes psychological effects in our brain such as irritation and inefficiency. 

Hence, site location and study are of utmost importance to maintain a constant comfort zone. Places near water and ocean have great air current and humidity, and sites on/near mountains have cooler temperatures. Every site has its perks and challenges that need to be exploited to produce the best design for its inhabitants

Openings and shading devices

We should prioritize air movement as a high priority when designing shelters for Tropical Monsoon, since it reduces high temperatures inside the shelters and reduces humidity inside. Nevertheless, it is important to ensure that the size of the opening is appropriate. Since large openings will result in unnecessary heat from radiation, shading devices are necessary. Shaded courtyards were constructed around the home to achieve this.


It is recommended that roofs have a reflective upper surface, ventilations in the roof, an upper reflective surface, and good insulating properties. It is important for both the ceiling and the roof to have a low thermal capacity. 


Shaded walls do not require insulation. Good insulation, on the other hand, may prevent the elevation of inner surface temperatures above the ambient air temperatures, even if the walls are exposed to solar radiation (like gable walls). Having reflective qualities on walls that are not shaded will also be helpful. 

Additional Online Resources

tropical monsoon climate suitable building materials

Climate Responsive Building – Appropriate Building Construction in

the temperate zone, including the monsoon climate and the tropical upland zone .. With an appropriate design and the selection of suitable materials, a natural 【Get Price】

Use of traditional passive strategies to reduce the energy use and

In India, traditional values as well as the timeless way of building the use of traditional building materials, such as, earth, but suitable.into eight major climatic zones (Figure 1), namely Am Tropical Monsoon; Aw 【Get Price】

Shaping Buildings for the Humid Tropics – Green Home Building

Shaping Buildings for the Humid Tropics: Cultures, Climate, and Materials. Patti Stouter.Old traditional buildings don’t fit the way they live now, because 【Get Price】

What are the characteristics of a tropical monsoon? – Quora

Climate of any state depends on the temperature, precipitation,What are the building materials used in tropical monsoon climatic areas?【Get Price】

Chinese Climate and Vernacular Dwellings – MDPI

China’s topography extends from a subarctic climate to a tropical climate,These climate-responsive building forms, materials and techniques were.diverse; in short China enjoys a marked continental monsoonal,Adequate precipitation occurs during the moderate weather months, whilst heavy snow.【Get Price】

climate | National Geographic Society

In large urban areas, for example, streets and buildings absorb heat from.Tropical monsoon climates are mostly found in southern Asia and 【Get Price】


Hot Summer and Could Winter in China-Sub-tropical.It can be seen in Fig 1 that Guangzhou has a lengthy monsoon season from.Building material: Steel concrete frame and aerated concrete blocks.The building envelope has good.【Get Price】


Energy-Buildings was derived as to be between 3 and. 10 depending on,Am, Tropical monsoon climate.part of windows for good daylight supply. As a rule 【Get Price】

climate and construction – Development Alternatives

DRAFT: Climate and Construction– An Impact Assessment. 2 . building materials, and technology etc. may not be suitable keeping in mind the various impacts like rising sea . The hills and mountains of Himachal Pradesh suffer landslides during monsoons as well as high intensity . The state has tropical climate,【Get Price】

Design & Materials: Homes for Different Climates – Lesson

A House for Me: Materials and Design for Different Climates,How might this influence the types of construction and building materials used?.Names for different types of climates include tropical, rainforest, savanna, temperate,To do a good job designing homes that work well in different climates, engineers must 【Get Price】

On Comfort in Tropical Climates. The Design and Operation of Net

Key words: net zero energy buildings, tropical climates, thermal .. Monsoon climates noted as a special category within tropical . the adoption of innovative demand/supply technologies in Net ZEBs by the,a proper monitoring of the buildings is of primary importance and should include performance.【Get Price】

3.4 Design for temperate and upland zones

Climate Responsive Building – Appropriate Building Construction in Tropical and,the monsoon period, Hence, arrangements for a proper cross-ventilation are.materials with low thermal transmission properties are suitable (e.g. timber).【Get Price】

The Climate of Tropical Regions – The British Geographer

In Tropical Monsoon Climates the ITCZ can interact with other climatic.A good example that illustrates the climate type can be read in the tail of two cities, 【Get Price】

What to Wear and Drink? Weather Patterns & Climatic Regions

They learn how tropical, desert, coastal and alpine climates result in different lifestyles,bananas, pineapples, oils, nuts and lumber abundant for use and mentioned above, this tropical climate is a good place for Mr. Monsoon.【Get Price】

Climate responsive building

One is the energy consumption for the production of building materials and the.Which building system and design is suitable for a given situation depends.the temperate zone, including the monsoon climate and the tropical upland zone.【Get Price】

climatic considerations in architectural design of buildings in tropics

This is in view of the fact that buildings are designed and built without consideration for climate.It is proper when designing for a.tropical climate such as in Nigeria are those,Equatorial monsoon.Materials with poor.【Get Price】

Tropical monsoon climate

A tropical monsoon climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category ”Am”. Tropical monsoon climates have monthly 【Get Price】

Tropical monsoon climate – SlideShare

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE – I Climate Tropical monsoon.•Suitable for the cultivation of cash crops like rice, maize, millet, sugarcane and jute.and hilly areas employ bamboo as one of the primary building materials.【Get Price】

Effect of Climate on Architectural Expression | Aζ South Asia

These are mainly the building materials used, the method of construction adopted,design of buildings and the same are to be provided with suitable climatic protection.Awnings which form typical features of our tropical bazars, projected roof.The beating of the monsoon from the west also needs good protection and 【Get Price】


condition. • Tropical climate are those where,buildings. • They include averages, changes and extremes of temperature the and extremes of,good deal lower than the free wind speed a wind.Materials which block the passage of p g .. climate. Composite or. Monsoon climate. Tropical. Upland climate climate. Air.【Get Price】

Recent Posts